Nidhi Company is the most popular form for giving loans to its members and accepting deposits from its members. It is also called a mutual benefit Company. For Providing Loan and Accepting Deposits you have to register Nidhi Company and with the Capital of Nidhi Company subject to the Condition provided in Nidhi Rules you can lend money and accept deposits from Its members. The First step to start a Nidhi Company is to complete the Nidhi Company Registration as per provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and Nidhi Rules 2014.
Nidhi Company will always be a public limited company and its name should end with ‘Nidhi Limited”, Presently Nidhi Company is becoming very popular for lending business.
Step By Step Nidhi Company Registration Procedure:
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Obtaining Digital Signature Certificate (DSC ) for All the members/Shareholders and Directors
Preparation of requried Declarations and Documents for Nidhi Company Registraiton
Application for Approval of name
Preparation and Drafting of Incorporation documents
Signing of Incorporation Documents
Application for Incorporation of Nidhi Company with ROC
Approval by ROC, after verifying all the required documents and information.
Minimum Requirements For Nidhi Company Registration
1. Required Minimum 3 Directors and 7 Shareholders/members 2. Can Accept Deposits From its members 3. Body Corporate and Benefits of Limited Liability 4. Can Land Money to its Members 5. Can Provide Locker Facility to its members 6. Required to have a Minimum of 200 members within one year of Incorporation 7. Best suited for Small lending and deposit Business 8. Minimum Capital Rs. 5 Lakh at the time of Incorporation and Thereafter required to have Rs. 10 Lakh.
Documents Required For Nidhi Company Registration
1. PAN of all Directors 2. Voter ID/DL/Aadhar Card/Passport of All Directors /members 3. Passport Photo of all Directors 4. Latest Bank Passbook/Statement or Electricity/Broadband Bill/Mobile Bill 5. Latest utility bill (electric bill/telephone bill) and Rent Agreement or latest tax receipt/ownership deep of the property for the property to be used for registered office
Net Owned Funds Requirements
Every Nidhi Company is required to have Minimum Net Owned Funds of Rs. 10Lakh all the time. Within one year from Registration of Company Should follow this requirement.
Net Owned Funds
Aggregate Amount of paid-up equity share capital and free reserves as reduced by accumulated losses and intangible assets appearing in the last audited balance sheet provided the amount representing the proceeds of the issue of preference share shall not be included for calculating net owned funds.
What Nidhi Company Cannot Do As Par Nidhi Rules
If you planning to Register this company , you must need to ensure that what you cannot do in Nidhi Company, Once Nidhi Company Registration is done, you must follow Nidhi Rules
Shall not carry any chit fund, hire purchase finance leasing finance insurance or acquisition of securities issued by any Body corporate
Not allowed to issue any kind of preference shares or any debt instruments by any name whatsoever.
Prohibited to open any current account with its members
Prohibited to do any compromise or arrangement or takeover unless it is passed by a Special Resolution in the General Meeting and also obtained the previous approval from the Regional Director having jurisdiction over such nidhi company
Carry on any business other than the business of borrowing or lending in its own name
Prohibited to accept deposits or lend amount other than its members
Pledge any of the assets lodged by its members as security
Prohibited to take deposits or lend money to any Body corporate
These companies are prohibited to enter into any partnership arrangement in its borrowing or lending activities
Prohibited to issue any advertisement in any form for soliciting deposits
How much loan a Nidhi Company can provide to its Member
Rs. 2 Lakh where a total amount of Deposits form its members is less than Rs. 2 crore
Rs. 7.50 Lakh where the total amount of Deposits form its members is more than Rs. 2 crore but less than twenty crore rupees
Rs. 12 Lakh where the total amount of Deposits form its members is more than Rs. 20 crore but less than Fifty crore rupees
Rs. 15 Lakh where the total amount of Deposits form its members is more than Rs. 50 crore
No fresh loans exceeding 15% of above can be if Nidhi is not profitable for continuously three preceding financial years.
Members who have taken a loan from Nidhi and defaulted in repayment of such loan shall not be allowed to take fresh loans form Nidhi.
Only Members of Nidhi Company can take loan form Nidhi Company
How Much Interest Can Be Charged On Loans By Nidhi Company
The rate of Interest to be charged on loan given by Nidhi shall not go above seven and a half percent(7.5%) above the highest rate of interest offered on deposits by Nidhi.
i.e.7.5% the gross margin that a Nidhi Company is able to earn from the operations.
MCA has issued an advisory to Investors and depositors of Nidhi Companies, that they should invest only to Companies making regular Compliances of Nidhi Rules, 2014 and Companies Act, 2013
Following are the text from MCA Advisory to Investors and Depositors
In order to make regulatory regime for Nidhi Companies more effective and also to accomplish the
objectives of transparency & investor friendliness in corporate environment of the country, the Central
Government has recently amended the provisions related to NIDHI under the Companies Act and the
Rules (effective from 15.08.2019).
Under Nidhi Rules, 2014, Nidhi is a company which has been incorporated as a Nidhi with the object
of cultivating the habit of thrift and saving amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending
to, its members only, for their mutual benefit.
The amended provisions of the Companies Act (Section 406) and Nidhi rules (as amended
w.e.f. 15.08.2019) require that the Nidhi companies have to apply to the Central government for
updation of their status/ declaration as Nidhi Company in Form NDH-4.
2. The time-frame for applying to Central Government in form NDH-4 is as under:-
(I) Companies incorporated as Nidhi before Nidhi Amendment Rules, 2019 i.e. 15.08.2019 have
to apply within a period of one year from the date of its incorporation or within 9 months of the
Nidhi Amendment Rules i.e. 15.08.2019 whichever is later.
(II) Companies incorporated as Nidhi on or after Nidhi Amendment Rules, 2019 i.e. 15.08.2019
have to apply within 60 days of expiry of one year from the date of incorporation or extended
period (as granted by concerned Regional Director).
3. In case a company does not comply with the above requirements, it shall not be allowed to file
Form No. SH–7 (Notice to Registrar for any alteration of share capital) and Form PAS–3
(Return of Allotment).
4. Such companies are required to ensure strict adherence to provision of Companies Act,
1956/2013 and Nidhi Rules, 2014 as amended. In case of contravention of the provisions of
these Rules, the company and every officer of the company who is in default shall initially be
punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees and further fine in case of
5. Investors are advised to verify the status of Nidhi company from the notification issued by
Central Government in official gazette before making any investment or deposit.
“NidhiExpert”-A web-based Nidhi Software in India for managing financial and compliance-related affairs of Nidhi Companies. “NidhiExpert” was launched around 2 years ago and more than 400+Nidhi Companies are using this software for managing their Nidhi Companies satisfactorily. Some important features of the software are listed below:-
Why “Nidhiexpert” is Best Nidhi Software in India
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Get set ready Go! Start on-boarding new customers in 12hrs.
Secure loan & deposit management Software to keep your data Safe.Your data is Secure
No Need of Pre-printed Stationary
Membership Form, Loan and Deposit Application Form, FD/RD Bond, Loan and Deposit Account Statements.
Store Documents & Cases
Store as many Documents and case details as you want.
Accounting, Tax, P&L and Auditing friendly
Manage & Customize all your Accounting operations on the same Software.
Mobile Ready Solutions
Easily access and manage all your data from the Mobile.
Other Features of NidhiExpert – Nidhi Software
Opening of Branch wise Deposit & Loan Accounts.
Branch-Wise Report of Loan and Deposit Accounts.
Date Wise Collection Report of Branches.
Date Wise Disbursement Report of Branches.
Create an Unlimited User.
Manage User Rights.
Activation/De-activation of User Account.
Set Timings for Users to access the Software
Loan Against Deposit
Fixed EMI Loan
Cash Credit Limit
Manage Multiple Deposit TypesPrint System Generated Forms, Receipts and Agreements
Statutory Compliance as per Companies Act & Nidhi Rules,2014
As per recent Amendment in Nidhi Rules, every Company is required to file Form NDH-4 to ROC , This form is an Application for Declaration of Company as Nidhi Company and Nidhi Company name will be Published in Official Gazette..
Following Information is required for Filing of form NDH-4
Equity Paidup Capital as on Date of Application
MOA of Company
Whether the company has carried out any financial dealings with any person other than its members ? Yes /NO
Whether the company has complied with the Nidhi Rules, 2014 ? Filing of all Returns , 10 % of Term Deposit Details
*Number of branches opened by the company and places where opened along with dates of opening- if Yes, Details thereof – Name of Branch, Place of Branch and Date of opening
The ratio of net owned funds to deposits accepted- Deposits/Net owned Funds
*Is the ratio of loan on immovable property within the prescribed limit, YES/No
Board Resolution for support of Above
Certificate Signed by Two Directors of the Company regarding the number of members as on date of application (Members should not be less than 200)
Certificate from the auditors of the company to the effect that the company has complied with the Nidhi Rules, 2014
Please Note that for new Every New Nidhi Companies , this form is required to be filed within 1 years from that Date of Incorporation.
Nidhi Company is registered as Public Limited Company in India, Nidhi Company is Finance Company that deals with its members – Accept deposit from its members and provide loans to its members.
For Registration of Nidhi Company Following information and documents are required :
Minimum 7 Members are required
Minimum 3 Director are required , Please note that Director should also be member of Nidhi Company
Minimum Paid up Capital and Authorized Share Capital at the time of Registration should be Rs. 5 Lakh
Mobile No and Email id of Members and Directors
PAN Card Copy of all the Members and Directors
Aadhar Card Copy of all the Members and Directors
Bank Statement copy with Address and not older than 2 months
Photo – Passport Size
Duly Signed Digital Signature Form
Video for Digital Signature (20 Sec) of all the Members
Office Address Electricity Bill, Rent Agreement, if rented and NOC from Owner
Procedure for Registration of Nidhi Company –
Signing of Incorporation Documents – Form DIR-2, INC-9 , Declaration for Compliance of Nidhi Rules , 2014
Now Application is required to be submitted to CRC online with Incorporation forms along with required fee
CRC review the application and if found any issue , sent it for re submission. Other Company gets Incorporated
Resubmit the Application
Approval of Application
Certificate of Registration/PAN/TAN is issued to Company
Filing of Form INC 22 for Office address , if you have given Communication address while Incorporation of Company than you are required to file Form INC22 for Office address within 30 days of Registration of Company
Opening of Bank Account of Nidhi Company :
Once the Company is Incorporated, you are required to open a Bank Account of Company with Bank of your Choice and Deposit the subscription amount to Bank .
Filing of Form INC 20A for Business Commencement
Filing of Form ADT-1 for Auditor Appointment of the Company
Nidhi Company is Finance Company which lends money and accept deposit form its members only. Every Nidhi Company has to follow Provisions of Nidhi Rules and Companies Act, 2013. It is very important that all the procedure relating to admission of members, allocation of shares, creating schemes for Loans, disbursements of loans, Opening of Savings Account, RD Account and FD Account are carried out in simple and hassle-free manner that you feel very little need for managing legal compliance and focus on your business.
Fastlegal Nidhi Software :
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Fastlegal has its own in-house Nidhi Software which was built by top it experts and Company Secretaries to its clients, Fastlegal Nidhi Software has all the features that are required for finance business. following are main features of Fastlegal Nidhi Software :
Member Addition and Reporting in Single Click
Share Allotment and Transfer to members
Automatic Share Certificate Printing
Automatic Share Transfer form Printing
Member Application Form Printing
Loan Account Opening and Management with Automatic EMI Scheduler and informer
Savings, RD and FD account Opening with Bond and Statement Printing
Compliance Alerts at every step
Automatic Half Yearly and Yearly Return Preparation
Real-Time update for change in Nidhi Rules and automatic updation
Data Backup and Restore Options
Facility to create Multiple Users for Different Roles