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What is TDS?

TDS stands for Tax Deducted at Source. It is a tax collection mechanism used in India and some other countries to collect income tax at the source of income. Under this system, a person or entity making specified payments such as salary, interest, commission, rent, etc., is required to deduct a certain percentage of tax before making the payment to the recipient.

The deducted tax amount is then remitted to the government on behalf of the recipient. The recipient of the payment receives the net amount after deducting the TDS.

TDS is applicable to various types of payments made by individuals, companies, or organizations. It helps the government in collecting tax in an efficient and timely manner and ensures a steady source of revenue throughout the financial year.

Both the deductor (person making the payment) and the deductee (person receiving the payment) have certain responsibilities and obligations under the TDS provisions. The deductor must deduct the correct amount of TDS and deposit it to the government within the specified time frame. The deductee can claim credit for the TDS deducted while filing their income tax return, which helps in avoiding double taxation.

TDS rates vary depending on the nature of the payment and the status of the deductee. The Income Tax Department issues TDS certificates (Form 16, Form 16A, etc.) to the deductee as proof of the tax deducted, which is used while filing their income tax return.

It is important for both businesses and individuals to comply with TDS regulations to avoid penalties and ensure smooth financial transactions.

TDS Return for Individuals and Businesses

TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) returns need to be filed by both individuals and businesses who are required to deduct TDS while making specific payments to others. The process of TDS return filing varies depending on the type of deductor and the nature of transactions. Here’s an overview of TDS returns for individuals and businesses:

  • TDS Return for Individuals:
    • Salary TDS (Form 24Q): If an individual or employer deducts TDS on salary payments, they need to file Form 24Q. This form includes details of TDS deducted from salaries and submitted to the government.
    • Non-Salary TDS (Form 26Q): When TDS is deducted on payments other than salary, such as rent, interest, commission, etc., individuals need to file Form 26Q. This form contains details of TDS deducted from non-salary payments.
  • TDS Return for Businesses:
    • TDS on Contractor and Professional Payments (Form 26QC): This form is filed for TDS deducted on payments made to contractors or professionals. It applies to businesses whose total sales, gross receipts, or turnover exceeds the threshold limit specified by the Income Tax Department.
    • TDS on Other Payments (Form 26Q): Businesses need to file Form 26Q for TDS deducted on non-salary payments like rent, interest, commission, etc., similar to the process for individuals.
    • TDS on Purchase of Property (Form 26QB): When an individual buys immovable property worth a certain amount, TDS needs to be deducted by the buyer and filed using Form 26QB.

It’s essential for both individuals and businesses to comply with TDS regulations, deduct the correct TDS amount, and file their TDS returns on time. Failure to do so can result in penalties and interest charges by the Income Tax Department.

For businesses, it’s crucial to issue TDS certificates (Form 16A, Form 16B, etc.) to the deductees, providing them with proof of TDS deductions, which they can use while filing their income tax returns. Additionally, using online platforms or seeking professional assistance can help ensure accurate and timely TDS return filing.

Benefits of TDS Return Filing Online

Filing TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) returns online offers several benefits to individuals, businesses, and the government. Some of the key advantages of TDS return filing online are:

  • Convenience and Ease:
    • Online TDS return filing provides a user-friendly interface, making the process simple and straightforward.
    • Taxpayers can access the portal from anywhere and at any time, eliminating the need to visit tax offices physically.
  • Time-saving:
    • Online filing saves considerable time compared to manual filing.
    • With automated data entry and pre-filled forms, taxpayers can complete the process quickly and efficiently.
  • Real-time Validation:
    • Online platforms often have in-built validation checks, reducing the likelihood of errors during data entry.
    • It ensures that the data provided is accurate before submission, preventing potential issues with the filing.
  • Faster Processing:
    • Online filing expedites the processing of TDS returns by the tax authorities.
    • This, in turn, leads to faster refunds, if applicable, and quicker resolution of any discrepancies.
  • Automatic Calculations:
    • Online platforms automatically calculate the TDS amount based on the specified rates, ensuring accurate deductions and minimizing the chances of under or over-deduction.
  • Secure and Confidential:
    • Reputable online portals employ advanced security measures to protect taxpayer data.
    • Encrypted connections and secure logins ensure the confidentiality of sensitive information.
  • Access to History:
    • Online platforms maintain a record of previous filings, making it easier for taxpayers to access their filing history and past TDS returns.
  • 24/7 Availability:
    • Online platforms allow taxpayers to file TDS returns at any time, including weekends and holidays, offering flexibility and convenience.
  • Immediate Acknowledgment:
    • Upon successful submission of the return, taxpayers receive an acknowledgment (ITR-V) immediately, confirming the successful filing of the return.
  • Efficient Communication:
    • Online filing enables efficient communication between taxpayers and the tax department.
    • Taxpayers can receive updates, notifications, and alerts related to TDS return filing.
  • Reduced Paperwork:
    • Online filing eliminates the need for physical paperwork, reducing administrative burdens and promoting a greener environment.
  • Compliance and Avoidance of Penalties:
    • Online platforms often have built-in checks to ensure that the TDS return is filed within the due date, helping taxpayers avoid penalties for late filing.

Overall, online TDS return filing streamlines the process, improves accuracy, and enhances compliance, benefiting both taxpayers and the government in the efficient collection and management of taxes.

What Is a TDS Certificate?

A TDS certificate, also known as Tax Deducted at Source certificate, is an official document issued by the deductor (the person or entity deducting TDS) to the deductee (the person from whose payment TDS has been deducted). It serves as proof of the TDS deduction made by the deductor on behalf of the deductee and includes essential details related to the deduction.

There are different types of TDS certificates based on the nature of the income and the type of deductor:

  • Form 16:
    • TDS certificate issued by employers to their employees.
    • Contains details of TDS deducted on salary income and other tax-related information.
    • Employees use Form 16 to file their income tax return.
  • Form 16A:
    • Issued for TDS deducted on income other than salary.
    • Includes TDS details for payments like interest, commission, rent, professional fees, etc.
  • Form 16B:
    • Issued in the case of TDS deducted on the sale of property.
    • Provided by the buyer to the seller as proof of TDS deduction on the property transaction.
  • Form 16C:
    • Issued by tenants to landlords for TDS deducted on rental income exceeding a certain threshold.

The TDS certificate typically includes information such as the name and address of the deductor and deductee, PAN (Permanent Account Number) details, amount of income paid, amount of TDS deducted, TDS Challan details, period for which the TDS is deducted, and certification of TDS deposit with the government.

It’s important for taxpayers to collect and retain their TDS certificates as they are crucial in the income tax filing process and serve as evidence of tax compliance.

TDS Return Forms

TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) return forms are official documents used by deductors to report details of TDS deductions made and deposited with the government to the Income Tax Department. The type of TDS return form to be filed depends on the nature of the income on which TDS is deducted and the category of the deductor (individual, company, government, etc.). The common TDS return forms used in India are as follows:

  • Form 24Q:
    • Used for TDS return for deductions made on salaries.
    • Includes details of TDS deductions from salaries and other related information.
  • Form 26Q:
    • Used for TDS return on payments other than salary.
    • Includes TDS details for payments like rent, interest, commission, professional fees, etc.
  • Form 27Q:
    • Used for TDS return when payments are made to Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) or foreign entities.
    • Includes details of TDS deducted on income paid to non-residents.
  • Form 26QC:
    • Used for TDS return when TDS is deducted on payments made to contractors and professionals by businesses exceeding the threshold limit specified by the Income Tax Department.
  • Form 26QB:
    • Used for TDS return on the purchase of immovable property.
    • The buyer of the property deducts TDS and files Form 26QB.

These forms can be submitted online through the Income Tax Department’s e-filing portal, offering convenience, accuracy, and quicker processing of TDS returns. Deductors need to provide various details related to deductees, TDS deductions, and the challan details of TDS deposited while filing the TDS return.

It is essential for deductors to file TDS returns accurately and within the due dates to avoid penalties and compliance issues. Additionally, providing TDS certificates (Form 16, Form 16A, etc.) to the deductees is an essential part of the TDS process, serving as proof of TDS deductions made and required by the deductees while filing their income tax returns.

TDS Payment Due Dates and Penalties

TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) payment due dates and penalties are crucial aspects that deductors need to be aware of to ensure timely compliance with tax regulations. Here are the TDS payment due dates and penalties in India:

TDS Payment Due Dates:

  • For all deductors (except the government): TDS deductions made in a month must be deposited by the 7th of the following month.
  • For government deductors: TDS deductions made in a month must be deposited on the same day if done through Book Entry mode; otherwise, by the 7th of the following month.

Penalties for Late TDS Payment:

  • Interest: 1% per month or part thereof for the delay in TDS payment.
  • Late Filing Fee: Rs. 200 per day for each day of delay in filing the TDS return, subject to a maximum limit.
  • Disallowance of Expenses: Expenses on which TDS should have been deducted may be disallowed as per the Income Tax Act due to non-compliance.

Timely compliance with TDS payment due dates is essential to avoid penalties and ensure smooth financial transactions. It also enables deductees to avail of TDS credit while filing their income tax returns. Any delay in TDS payment should be rectified promptly to avoid further consequences.

How FASTLEGAL Simplifies Your TDS Return Filing Process

FASTLEGAL offers a comprehensive solution to simplify your TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) return filing process, ensuring efficiency, accuracy, and compliance. Here’s how FASTLEGAL can assist you:

  • User-Friendly Platform: Our user-friendly online platform streamlines the entire TDS return filing process. With an intuitive interface, both individuals and businesses can effortlessly navigate through each step.
  • Automated Calculations: FASTLEGAL’s platform automatically computes the TDS amount based on specified rates, eliminating the need for manual calculations. This feature reduces errors and ensures precise deductions.
  • Real-Time Validation: Built-in validation checks in our platform identify errors or discrepancies in the data entered, guaranteeing the accuracy of your TDS return before submission.
  • Secure and Confidential: We prioritize the security and confidentiality of your sensitive information. FASTLEGAL implements advanced security measures to safeguard your data throughout the filing process.
  • Quick and Efficient Filing: With FASTLEGAL, you can complete your TDS return filing quickly and efficiently. Our streamlined process saves you valuable time and effort.
  • 24/7 Customer Support: Our dedicated customer support team is available round-the-clock to address any queries or concerns you may have during the filing process. We ensure prompt assistance whenever you need it.
  • Stay Updated: FASTLEGAL keeps you informed about the latest TDS regulations and changes, ensuring that you remain compliant with the evolving tax laws.
  • Avoid Penalties: By using FASTLEGAL, you can file your TDS returns accurately and on time, helping you avoid penalties and compliance issues.
  • Access to History: Our platform maintains a detailed record of your previous TDS filings, providing easy access to your filing history whenever required.
  • Expert Guidance: If you encounter any uncertainties or challenges during the filing process, our team of experts is readily available to assist you at every step.

By leveraging FASTLEGAL’s services, you can simplify your TDS return filing process, allocate time for other critical tasks, and ensure precise and compliant filings.

TDS Return Filing Procedure

The procedure for filing TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) returns in India involves several systematic steps. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you navigate through the filing process smoothly:

  • Register on the Income Tax Department’s Portal: If you haven’t already registered on the Income Tax Department’s e-filing portal, visit and complete the registration process by providing necessary details such as PAN, name, date of birth, etc.
  • Select the Relevant TDS Return Form: Determine the appropriate TDS return form based on the nature of income and the category of the deductor. Common forms include Form 24Q, Form 26Q, Form 27Q, Form 26QC, and Form 26QB.
  • Gather Required Information: Collect all essential information, including details of deductees, TDS deductions made, and challan details for TDS payments.
  • Prepare the TDS Return: Enter the gathered information accurately into the selected TDS return form. Ensure meticulous data entry to avoid errors and discrepancies.
  • Validate the Data: Utilize the built-in validation checks on the portal to validate the entered data. Rectify any errors or discrepancies identified during the validation process.
  • Generate the TDS Return File: After validating the data, generate the TDS return file in the prescribed format (e.g., .txt format).
  • Submit the TDS Return: Log in to the Income Tax Department’s e-filing portal using your credentials. Navigate to the “Upload TDS” section and upload the generated TDS return file.
  • Authenticate the TDS Return: Proceed with the authentication process after successfully uploading the TDS return file. Choose the preferred method for e-verification, such as Aadhaar OTP or net banking.
  • Download the Acknowledgment (ITR-V): Upon successful submission and authentication, download the acknowledgment receipt (ITR-V) from the portal.
  • Submit the ITR-V (if applicable): If you haven’t opted for e-verification, sign the ITR-V acknowledgment and send it to the Income Tax Department’s Centralized Processing Center within 120 days from the e-filing date.

By following these steps diligently, you can ensure timely and accurate filing of your TDS returns, thereby avoiding penalties and compliance issues.

Documents Required to File TDS Return Online

To file TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) returns online, you need to gather the following documents and information beforehand:

  • TAN (Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number): Obtain your TAN, a unique 10-digit alphanumeric number assigned by the Income Tax Department, essential for TDS return filing.
  • PAN (Permanent Account Number): Ensure you have the PAN details of both the deductor and deductees (individuals/entities from whom TDS is deducted) for accurate filing.
  • TDS Deduction Details: Maintain records of all TDS deductions made during the relevant period, including deductee details, TDS amounts, etc.
  • TDS Payment Challan Details: Keep track of TDS payment challan details, including the BSR code, date of deposit, and challan identification number (CIN).
  • Form 16A and Form 16B (if applicable): If you’ve issued TDS certificates to deductees, such as Form 16A or Form 16B, ensure you have the relevant details available.
  • Form 26AS: Access your Form 26AS, a consolidated statement reflecting all tax-related information associated with your PAN, including TDS details deducted by various deductors.
  • Bank Account Details: Have the bank account details of the deductees, if required for specific TDS return forms.
  • Details of Salary (if applicable): If filing TDS return Form 24Q for salary payments, gather details of salary paid and TDS deducted for each employee.
  • Details of Other Payments (if applicable): For Form 26Q (non-salary payments), gather details of payments like rent, interest, commission, etc., along with corresponding TDS deductions.
  • Valid Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) (if applicable): If required, ensure you possess a valid Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for filing the TDS return electronically with a digital signature.

Organize and keep these documents readily accessible during the online filing process to ensure smooth and accurate TDS return filing, maintaining compliance with tax regulations. Proper record-keeping is vital for seamless tax compliance and future reference.


TDS stands for Tax Deducted at Source. It is a system in which the person making certain payments deducts tax at a prescribed rate before making the payment to the recipient. The deducted tax amount is then deposited to the government on behalf of the recipient.

The deductor is responsible for deducting TDS. The deductor can be an employer, individual, company, or any entity making specified payments subject to TDS.

The common types of TDS returns include Form 24Q (for TDS on salary), Form 26Q (for TDS on non-salary payments), Form 27Q (for TDS on payments to Non-Resident Indians), Form 26QC (for TDS on payments to contractors and professionals), and Form 26QB (for TDS on property transactions).

TDS deductions must be deposited to the government’s account by the 7th of the following month. The due date for TDS return filing varies depending on the quarter in which TDS is deducted.

Failure to deposit TDS on time attracts interest and penalties. The deductor may also face disallowance of expenses on which TDS should have been deducted.

TDS return can be filed online through the Income Tax Department’s e-filing portal. Choose the relevant TDS return form, enter the required details, validate the data, upload the return file, authenticate the return, and download the acknowledgment (ITR-V).

A TDS certificate is an official document issued by the deductor to the deductee as proof of TDS deduction made on their income. It includes details of the deductor, deductee, TDS deductions, and other relevant information.

Yes, the deductee can claim credit for the TDS deducted while filing their income tax return. It helps in avoiding double taxation and reduces the tax liability.

Yes, you can revise a filed TDS return if you notice any errors or discrepancies. The revised return must be filed before the end of the relevant financial year.

Non-compliance with TDS regulations can lead to penalties, interest charges, and disallowance of expenses. It is essential to comply with TDS provisions to avoid legal consequences.

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